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kubernetes 虚拟机环境搭建

Linux

虚拟机以及linux环境准备
linux 环境

发行版 centos

版本 7(x86_64-Minimal-1810)

阿里云os下载地址

VirtualBox 安装虚拟机, cpu 设置核数大于2

设置hosts

# vim /etc/hosts
192.168.1.77   master
192.168.1.223  node1

禁用防火墙

# systemctl stop firewalld
# systemctl disable firewalld

禁用SELINUX

# setenforce 0
# vim /etc/selinux/config
# 设置 SELINUX=disabled

k8s.conf

vim /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 1
net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 1

执行如下命令使修改生效

# modprobe br_netfilter
# sysctl -p /etc/sysctl.d/k8s.conf
安装docker

cd /etc/yum.repos.d && wget https://mirrors.aliyun.com/do...

yum list docker-ce.x86_64 --showduplicates | sort -r

#   Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
#   Loaded plugins: branch, fastestmirror, langpacks
#   docker-ce.x86_64            17.03.1.ce-1.el7.centos            docker-ce-stable
#   docker-ce.x86_64            17.03.1.ce-1.el7.centos            @docker-ce-stable
#   docker-ce.x86_64            17.03.0.ce-1.el7.centos            docker-ce-stable
#   Available Packages

选择你想要得版本,我使用了最新版本

# yum -y  install docker-ce 

设置自启动

# systemctl enable docker && systemctl start docker

安装 kubeadm、kubelet、kubectl K8S_VERSION=v1.15.3

# cat <<EOF > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes
baseurl=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
repo_gpgcheck=0
gpgkey=http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/yum-key.gpg
        http://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
EOF

# yum install -y  kubeadm kubelet  kubectl 
# kubelet --version //v1.15.3

kubelet启动设置

# vim /etc/sysconfig/kubelet  
  KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS="--fail-swap-on=false"
# systemctl daemon-reload  
master节点设置

下载相关镜像

#!/bin/bash
# master 节点 shell
K8S_VERSION=v1.15.3
ETCD_VERSION=3.3.10
DNS_VERSION=1.3.1
PAUSE_VERSION=3.1
FLANNEL_VERSION=v0.11.0-amd64
DASHBOARD_VERSION=v1.10.1

// 下载镜像
docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-apiserver:$K8S_VERSION
docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-controller-manager:$K8S_VERSION
docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-scheduler:$K8S_VERSION
docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-proxy:$K8S_VERSION
docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/pause:$PAUSE_VERSION
docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/etcd:$ETCD_VERSION
docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/coredns:$DNS_VERSION
docker pull jmgao1983/flannel:$FLANNEL_VERSION
docker pull siriuszg/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:$DASHBOARD_VERSION

# 修改tag
docker tag registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-apiserver:$K8S_VERSION           k8s.gcr.io/kube-apiserver:$K8S_VERSION
docker tag registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-controller-manager:$K8S_VERSION  k8s.gcr.io/kube-controller-manager:$K8S_VERSION
docker tag registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-scheduler:$K8S_VERSION           k8s.gcr.io/kube-scheduler:$K8S_VERSION
docker tag registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-proxy:$K8S_VERSION               k8s.gcr.io/kube-proxy:$K8S_VERSION
docker tag registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/pause:$PAUSE_VERSION                  k8s.gcr.io/pause:$PAUSE_VERSION
docker tag registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/etcd:$ETCD_VERSION                    k8s.gcr.io/etcd:$ETCD_VERSION
docker tag registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/coredns:$DNS_VERSION                   k8s.gcr.io/coredns:$DNS_VERSION
docker tag jmgao1983/flannel:$FLANNEL_VERSION                                                           quay.io/coreos/flannel:$FLANNEL_VERSION
docker tag siriuszg/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:$DASHBOARD_VERSION                                    k8s.gcr.io/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:$DASHBOARD_VERSION

#删除冗余的images
docker rmi registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-apiserver:$K8S_VERSION
docker rmi registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-controller-manager:$K8S_VERSION
docker rmi registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-scheduler:$K8S_VERSION
docker rmi registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-proxy:$K8S_VERSION
docker rmi registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/pause:$PAUSE_VERSION
docker rmi registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/etcd:$ETCD_VERSION
docker rmi registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/coredns:$DNS_VERSION
docker rmi jmgao1983/flannel:$FLANNEL_VERSION
docker rmi siriuszg/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:$DASHBOARD_VERSION

集群安装初始化

# kubeadm init --kubernetes-version=v1.15.3 --pod-network-cidr=10.244.0.0/16 --ignore-preflight-errors=Swap 

# 出现如下信息安装成功
Your Kubernetes master has initialized successfully!

To start using your cluster, you need to run the following as a regular user:

  mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
  sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
  sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

You should now deploy a pod network to the cluster.
Run "kubectl apply -f [podnetwork].yaml" with one of the options listed at:
  https://kubernetes.io/docs/concepts/cluster-administration/addons/

You can now join any number of machines by running the following on each node
as root:

kubeadm join 192.168.1.16:6443 --token 981it6.k4kqs2i73e1bfd1p \
    --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:5cc5c1c2ace7b720a178840c951b2a05c679d26b8d6a1cfc81aa7e006e6a6ef9 

查看集群健康状况

# kubectl get cs

集群安装过程中遇到问题,重置操作

# kubeadm reset

安装网络插件

# kubectl apply -f https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml

查看集群中的组件运行状态

# kubectl get pods --all-namespaces
node节点设置

下载镜像

#!/bin/bash
# node 节点 shell
K8S_VERSION=v1.15.3
ETCD_VERSION=3.3.10
DNS_VERSION=1.3.1
PAUSE_VERSION=3.1
FLANNEL_VERSION=v0.11.0-amd64
DASHBOARD_VERSION=v1.10.1

## node 安装插件
docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-proxy:$K8S_VERSION
docker pull registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/pause:$PAUSE_VERSION
docker pull jmgao1983/flannel:v0.11.0-amd64
docker pull siriuszg/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:$DASHBOARD_VERSION


docker tag registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-proxy:$K8S_VERSION  k8s.gcr.io/kube-proxy:$K8S_VERSION
docker tag registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/pause:$PAUSE_VERSION     k8s.gcr.io/pause:$PAUSE_VERSION
docker tag jmgao1983/flannel:$FLANNEL_VERSION                                           quay.io/coreos/flannel:$FLANNEL_VERSION
docker tag siriuszg/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:$DASHBOARD_VERSION                       k8s.gcr.io/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:$DASHBOARD_VERSION


docker rmi jmgao1983/flannel:$FLANNEL_VERSION
docker rmi registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/pause:$PAUSE_VERSION
docker rmi registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers/kube-proxy:$K8S_VERSION
docker rmi siriuszg/kubernetes-dashboard-amd64:$DASHBOARD_VERSION

加入节点

# kubeadm join 192.168.1.77:6443 --token 5oi47o.stqe7c5w1qo7wcr0 \
    --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:2387b0db19fa83e57ac094bf27a870a0381082c47c0f08bf9ef6277e24593fcd --ignore-preflight-errors=Swap
    
#出现下面就ok了, master节点, kubectl get nodes

This node has joined the cluster:
* Certificate signing request was sent to master and a response
  was received.
* The Kubelet was informed of the new secure connection details.

Run 'kubectl get nodes' on the master to see this node join the cluster.
安装 dashboard组件

集群配置,生成浏览器证书

# 生成client-certificate-data
grep 'client-certificate-data' ~/.kube/config | head -n 1 | awk '{print $2}' | base64 -d >> kubecfg.crt

# 生成client-key-data
grep 'client-key-data' ~/.kube/config | head -n 1 | awk '{print $2}' | base64 -d >> kubecfg.key

# 生成p12
openssl pkcs12 -export -clcerts -inkey kubecfg.key -in kubecfg.crt -out kubecfg.p12 -name "kubernetes-client"

# 导入证书后浏览器重启

创建admin-user账号,并放在kube-system名称空间下

# vim admin-user.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kube-system
  
#kubectl create -f admin-user.yaml

绑定角色

# vim admin-user-role-binding.yaml

apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  name: admin-user
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kube-system
  
# kubectl create -f  admin-user-role-binding.yaml

获取Token

# kubectl -n kube-system describe secret $(kubectl -n kube-system get secret | grep admin-user | awk '{print $1}')

登录dashboard

https://192.168.255.130:6443/api/v1/namespaces/kube-system/services/https:kubernetes-dashboard:/proxy/
文章来源:segmentfault,作者:bruin_yxl。如果您发现本社区中有涉嫌抄袭的内容,欢迎发送邮件至:william.shi#ucloud.cn(邮箱中#请改为@)进行举报,并提供相关证据,一经查实,本社区将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。
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